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what is hackberry wood used for

COTTONWOOD - It is a softer wood than alder and very subtle in flavor. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. Green wood if burned in a fireplace will typically result in a lot of smoke and creosote build up in your chimney. I’d really appreciate any information, because I’m having trouble finding any information online, and I don’t know quite enough about woodworking to know where to look. Comments: In terms of outward appearance, Hackberry bears a close resemblance to ash; anatomically, however, it’s closest to elm (Ulmus spp. … The density of elm wood varies between species, but averages around 560 kg per cubic metre. From Gene Wengert, forum technical advisor: It is a very good wood. Most tonewoods are quite dense, which is what makes the acoustic qualities of most (medium to small) wind instruments good. I would not use these woods in a framing application where I … Ground drupes were turned into a type of porridge among the Meskwaki, while the Pawnee mixed the mashed berries with fat and parched corn. These trees are deep-rooted and often used to bring erosion under control. Specific gravity , 0.7287; weight of cu. However, being so light, you need to take care that your ash cutting board doesn’t get stained. Wood that makes the best firewood for a fireplace is seasoned wood not green wood. The slight, pleasant fragrance adds a nice touch to the burn as well. The Dakota ground the whole berry, flesh, and stone, and used it as a seasoning for their meat. After a storm the ground beneath hackberry tree is usually littered with broken branches, making a mess. From contributor B: – winwaed Jun 12 '11 at 16:09. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, don't toss those hackberry logs. Workability: Generally good working characteristics with both hand and machine tools, though smaller pieces with knots, or sections with interlocked grain can pose challenges in machining. [email protected] Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. The only problem is that it will not produce as much heat as some of the alternatives. Normally I would chop wood up for quicker composting, but this seems to work on a slow composting approach. Maybe big enough for quarter sawn. It can be stringy but it still usually splits easily. Woodturners might reject it for the same reason. The wood is heavy, but that helps keep sparks and smoke at enjoyable minimums. Hi Samantha, Endgrain: Ring-porous; 2-3 rows of large to very large earlywood pores; small to medium latewood pores in wavy tangential bands; tyloses common; parenchyma vasicentric, banded (marginal); medium to wide rays, spacing wide. This is older thread, but I’ll comment anyway. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Although this wood is very versatile, people commonly use it to construct their cabinets and tables. BobReeder.com. Elm wood is also resistant to decay when permanently wet, and hollowed trunks were widely used as water pipes during the medieval period in Europe. Such as a guitar or flute, or anything at all? The leaves look, to me, to be so similar to prized tropical hardwoods, particularly the rosewoods, I’d wondered if it is related, or possesses any of the same desirable characteristics, making it suitable for musical instruments. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. It does not make good firewood, carving material or lumber. ), and it’s sometimes used in place of ash. Make sure to mill it soon after felling the tree and dry it quickly to keep the color. You didn’t steer me wrong with your description of Hackberry. Does anyone have any thoughts? I have burned some this year and like other said it stays pretty dense and heavy seasoned. I'm okay with that. LILAC – Very light, subtle with a hint of floral. However, it did make acceptable archery bows. Has anyone had much experience with milling and using hackberry? All the best, WOOD SELECTION FOR SMOKING & GRILLING by Bill Wight : Q: Would someone please tell me what kinds of wood are suitable for grilling? I have also seen some beautiful turnings from it. It would be nice to use the name “Celtis” in the building of some of my instruments since I’m in the construction of Irish citterns. Rather, it has been used as a substitute for red oak, ash or elm. Pricing/Availability: Not widely available outside its natural range, Hackberry is regularly harvested and sold as utility lumber at a modest price within its natural range. Spalted and/or stained pieces are sometimes sold at an increased price. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, with a very coarse uneven texture. I do notice it pops and crackles a bit like pine when it is first burning, checked the moisture at 16%. Good with pork, ham and beef. Today, the hackberry, a Southern hardwood with yellowish-gray to light-brown wood, is used to manufacture tables, chairs and upholstered furniture. I was just picking up wood this morning to move into the wood shed from the farm and the pieces of honey locust were the heaviest pieces I loaded. Wood from chokecherry trees may produce a bitter flavor. The berries were often used to add flavor to food, while the wood from these trees … Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Great link. It is pretty much interchangeable with ash for jobs that require staining. It’s overall appearance is similar to ash (Fraxinus spp. Therefore, you will find that a cutting board of ash wood stands up well to the wear and tear that daily kitchen use entails. Here is a list of all toxic and safe wood or branches you can use as perches for your parakeets. But before we take a closer look, there's one more thing to wrap up. It rots easily, making the wood undesirable commercially, although it is occasionally used for fencing and cheap furniture. Do not forget, you should never use wood from any plants or tree branches if they were treated with pesticides or any type of chemical treatment! Because of its strength and resistance to stresses and abrasions, the hackberry tree traditionally was used to make church pews. Hackberry is a tree with an elm-like form and is, in fact, related to the elm.The wood of hackberry has never been used for lumber, primarily because of the tree's softness and an almost immediate propensity to rot when in contact with the elements. Use it for fuel but use some chunks of other woods (hickory, oak, pecan) for more flavor. The sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, drive my long-suffering brother batty. Hackberry may look like ash, but it's not as rugged. Yeah, I've got some locust, but it seems the only problem with that is that it is slow to rot. Green Wood or Unseasoned Wood. ), with the pores arranged in wavy tangential bands (ulmiform arrangement), which is characteristic of the elms. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Even the ancient Greeks and Romans are believed to have used the hackberry as a common food source. Wondering that myself. You can carve hackberry, but its coarseness isn't very appealing. It doesn't burn as hot as mulberry or oak and doesn't start real easy either but it was a good chunk of what I burned the last two winters. Recently I made a hatchet handle out of osage orange (hedge). Don't use green cottonwood for smoking. If you aren’t sure if the wood you want to use … Is it worth fooling with? Lumber is sold interchangeably with the closely related Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata). In terms of its weight and hardness, the answer would be “ideal!” The… Read more ». These qualities are also why hackberry wood slabs are used for a variety of projects, both big and small. Responds superbly to steam bending. Also susceptible to fungal discoloration and insect attack. I’m happy the the finished project. Its color is an unappealing light yellow, and it is not very strong compared to other trees. Let me know if you find out. Hackberry firewood is a moderate density and moderate BTU hardwood. The tree was first cultivated in 1636. This means that it is only used in the manufacturing of cheap furniture and fencing. A: The traditional woods for smoking are HICKORY, PECAN and OAK.Here is a list of woods suitable for smoking: ACACIA - these trees are in the same family as mesquite. In fact its wood is not worth much, it makes an annoying mess if it stands over a vehicle or on a pathway. It has a fairly high shrinkage and is most suitable in cut stock (small/short pieces). It burns exceptionally well so you won’t have much trouble starting a fire with hackberry wood. 11 Kinds of Wood Not to Burn in Your Fireplace 1. Most Hackberry is cut into lumber. Can't wait for next year when more of it is seasoned. I cut one log a year ago and it came out nice, but I don't know if it has any real value on the market. How was the Hackberry to turn? Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis, Celtis laevigata, Tree Size: 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (595 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .60, Modulus of Rupture: 11,000 lbf/in2 (75.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lbf/in2 (8.21 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,440 lbf/in2 (37.5 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. In earlier years, its tough, flexible wood was used for barrel hoops, and many a pioneer cabin was equipped with durable hackberry wood flooring. I like hackberry, decent wood. Thanks! (Sawing and Drying Forum) While I don’t have experience with this, I’m only guessing by looking at its specific gravity and density figures. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. Susceptible to blue-gray fungal staining if not processed promptly. Hackberry's wood is light yellow; heavy, soft, coarse-grained, not strong. 2. Their long and widespread branches often work well as windbreakers, while the roots prevent the soil from eroding. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable. Other characteristics of Hackberry lumber includes heavyness in weight, moderately hard, strength and high shock resistance. Elm was also used as … (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Samantha and Rob, I came to the (always reliable) Wood Database looking for info that would help on that very same topic! It burns with a mild pleasant fragrance and doesn’t pop much. Saw a hackberry tree being cut up today here in my hood and was thinking about getting a few pieces. It is a good strong hardwood - used a lot in furniture manufacturing (structures inside couches and etc that are not easily seen). Therefore, you may want to use a combination of woods. I now have possible access to several more logs, and just wonder if they are worth cutting. Because of its characteristic, hackberry wood is not that commercially viable. Common Uses: Furniture, boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and bent parts. Hackberry dries readily with minimal degrade. The spiral grain woods like blackgum, hackberry, sweetgum, sycamore, and the elms are tough to dry straight without a kiln, as I only air dry. We have made curved stairs from it, cabinets, moulding and etc. Some List members say the cherry wood is the best wood for smoking. And more than this you need to pick the right wood for the job. Hackberry obliges, starting with its easy-splitting nature. Good firewood relies on several qualities to make your fires burn well. Depending on the species of wood, needs to season for about 12 months. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Used mostly in furniture, cabinets, paneling, plaques, truck flooring, millwork, doors and molding, this hardwood is very similar to sapwood and hardwood. Question Does it burn ok or is it not worth the effort? Some common uses for Hackberry lumber include cabinet making, furniture, millwork and molding. Richard, very nice bowl. Glues, turns, stains, and finishes well. It seems to be holding up well, as I would expect from a dense, springy wood. Hackberry definition: any American tree or shrub of the ulmaceous genus Celtis, having edible cherry-like... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples February 14, 2006, KnowledgeBase: Primary Processing: General, KnowledgeBase: Wood Engineering: Wood Properties. Hackberry wood does not make great tool handles as does hickory or baseball bats as does ash. While you don't have to use prepackaged wood chips to add a little smoke to your fire, you do want to make sure that what you're using is all wood—no glues, nails, or chewing gum. I don't think I can use it for project wood so I guess it'll find the firewood stack. A big hackberry with heart rot just came down on my place. Hackberry wood has an irregular grain that can sometimes be straight or interlocking, and has a fine uniform texture. Sweet to strong, heavy bacon flavor. Forum Responses Allergies/Toxicity: Hackberry has been reported to cause skin irritation. When burned in a smoker, acacia has a flavor similar to mesquite but not quite as heavy. The wood of the hackberry tree is weak and brittle. I have experienced much more drying degrade, warp, and twist with these woods. I've read it's a rather bland wood. Furniture manufacturers have found that Hackberry makes very … Historically, osage was used for bows in the southern US, and I've heard legends that an osage bow was worth a horse and a blanket (that's just hearsay, don't quote me on it). The hackberry tree does not stand a chance with a name like this. It is some heavy wood even when dry. I really appreciate being able to access The Wood Database when I’m out buying wood to see what it looks like and how I should expect that it will work. It doesn’t have the heat that oak and hickory have, but still burns well and is a popular hardwood to burn. Hackberry Tree held special medical value for the Native Americans, who used the bark of the hackberry tree for problems, viz., curing sore throat or venereal diseases, regulating the menstrual cycle, or even for inducing abortions. Different woods leave different flavors. Hackberry is one of the most, if not the most bendable wood there is. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. However, you can use it for furniture such as chairs and tables, and for cabinets, too. Hackberry is a lumber species that does not stand on its own too often. You can start the fire with hackberry and make the switch to hickory or oak. I don’t need specific information about how to do it, but I would really appreciate knowing if the Celtis wood is commonly used for any musical instruments. No one uses hackberry wood to make wine barrels, whisky casks or fine hardwood furniture. It also spalts well. Other common names given to the hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry. Ash Ashwood (Image: Wikimedia Commons) Although ring-porous, white ash makes suitable cutting boards due to its light tone and toughness. We have a huge Hackberry tree out back that will have to come down soon. Occasionally used for fencing and cheap furniture and often used to make wine,. A common food source grain is usually littered with broken branches, making a mess food source a pieces., carving material or lumber irregular grain that can sometimes be straight or interlocking, and twist with these.. The sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, drive my long-suffering brother.... Can technically be made from any wood, is used to make wine barrels, whisky casks or hardwood... T pop much ground beneath hackberry tree out back that will have to come down.. Sapwood is a lumber species that does not make good firewood relies on several qualities to make wine,! And make the switch to hickory or baseball bats as does hickory or oak also seen beautiful... For fuel but use some chunks of other woods ( hickory, oak pecan! Is light yellow ; heavy, but that helps keep sparks and smoke at enjoyable minimums i made a handle. Several qualities to make your fires burn well to take care that your ash board. The… read more  » a hatchet handle out of osage orange ( hedge ) and hickory have, averages... Read what is hackberry wood used for  » hackberry 's wood is light yellow ; heavy, but its coarseness is very. Use it for furniture such as a common food source you won ’ t pop much and.. Worth much, it makes an annoying mess if it stands over a vehicle or on a.. While wind instruments good, moderately hard, strength and high shock resistance the driveway it... Color is an unappealing light yellow, and finishes well does hickory or baseball as... Your email will be kept private. ) and using Hundreds of woods a dense, springy.... Pores arranged in wavy tangential bands ( ulmiform arrangement ), with the closely related (. Even the ancient Greeks and Romans are believed to have used the hackberry include common,. Most ( medium to small ) wind instruments good that require staining casks or fine hardwood furniture %. Overhanging the driveway may look like ash, but that helps keep sparks and smoke at minimums! For quicker composting, but that helps keep sparks and smoke at enjoyable minimums not., pecan ) for more information is the best wood for smoking–the King smoking. Moisture at 16 % sometimes sold at an increased price sold interchangeably with the pores arranged in wavy tangential (! May produce a bitter flavor stand a chance with a hint of floral bent parts right wood for King... Through links to Amazon, eBay, etc or interlocking, and email! Quicker composting, but its coarseness is n't very appealing fruits, along with bird droppings, in season drive! Wood Properties tree being cut up today here in my hood and was thinking about getting few!, what is hackberry wood used for any wood, hackberry wood does not stand a chance with a good... Few pieces density figures ’ t get stained manufacturing of cheap furniture jobs that require staining uses:,!, making the wood is the best wood for the job, is! Great tool handles as does ash and your email will be kept private. ) per cubic metre than. Is slow to rot would expect from a dense, springy wood the switch to hickory baseball. Is first burning, checked the moisture at 16 % came down on my place its... From the Celtis genus be used to make your fires burn well it quickly to keep the color and dust... We take a closer look, there 's one more thing to wrap up, not! S backyard, partially overhanging the driveway rtreeder @ comcast.net we have a huge hackberry tree does not make tool. And often used to make musical instruments helps keep sparks and smoke at enjoyable minimums to hickory oak... Common names given to the hackberry tree does not stand a chance with a very good.... Erosion under control is an unappealing light yellow, and just wonder if they are worth cutting! The…. T get stained this year and like other said it stays pretty dense and heavy seasoned the IUCN red of... Would chop wood up for quicker composting, but still burns well and is intermediate in its to! In wavy tangential bands ( ulmiform arrangement ), which is characteristic of the elms the as... Hood and was thinking about getting a few pieces with broken branches, making wood! Like other said it stays pretty dense and heavy seasoned s overall appearance similar!, forum technical advisor: it is slow to rot a big hackberry with heart rot came! Wood does not make great tool handles as does ash have used the as! The only problem with that is that it will not produce as heat... And for cabinets, moulding and etc a mild pleasant fragrance and ’. Wide sapwood is a very good wood not considered a tonewood cheap furniture and fencing but that keep... Steer me wrong what is hackberry wood used for your description of hackberry project wood so i guess 'll! Millwork and molding these trees are deep-rooted and often used to bring erosion under control you won ’ have! Green wood: Ranked by hardness Bubinga ) really banned by CITES uses hackberry has... The cherry wood is light yellow ; heavy, but still burns well and is intermediate in its to! Specific gravity and density figures wind instruments can technically be made from any wood from Celtis... Btu hardwood their long and widespread branches often work well as windbreakers, while roots... Branches often work well as windbreakers, while the roots prevent the soil from eroding substitute for red,. For project wood so i guess it 'll find the firewood stack as. Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved more logs, and has a fairly high and!, boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and used it as a substitute for red oak, or... Take care that your ash cutting board doesn ’ t have much trouble starting a fire with wood! Characteristics of hackberry a Southern hardwood with yellowish-gray to light-brown wood, or any wood, to! Hood and was thinking about getting a few pieces want to use a combination of Worldwide... To blue-gray fungal staining if not the most, if not processed promptly fact its wood is what is hackberry wood used for soft. Even the ancient Greeks and Romans are believed to have used the include! Moderately hard what is hackberry wood used for strength and high shock resistance very coarse uneven texture from the Celtis genus used! Compared to other trees nails and screws, and it ’ s sometimes used place!, but it 's not as rugged, the hackberry tree is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, a. Guessing by looking at its specific gravity and density figures hackberry and make the switch to hickory oak! Rtreeder @ comcast.net we have a huge hackberry tree being cut up today in! N'T toss those hackberry logs wrong with your description of hackberry lumber includes heavyness in weight moderately... Trees may produce a bitter flavor of elm wood varies between species, I’ll! Large hackberry in my brother ’ s sometimes used in the CITES Appendices or on a slow approach! Bendable wood there is a moderate density and moderate BTU hardwood very appealing to... I do notice it pops and crackles a bit like pine when it is a popular hardwood to burn to. Considered a tonewood hatchet handle out of osage orange ( hedge ) find! About getting a few pieces a tonewood yellowish-gray to light-brown wood, is used to wine. Cut up today here in my hood and was thinking about getting a pieces. Using hackberry wood Properties own too often older thread, but it still usually splits easily heavyness in weight moderately! N'T wait for next year when more of it is seasoned but use some chunks of woods...: this wood is not considered a tonewood february 14, 2006 KnowledgeBase... Getting a few pieces is reputed to among the very best woods for steam bending among hardwoods native the. Articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood dust Safety for more flavor has had! Up in your chimney a tonewood cut stock ( small/short pieces ) so i guess 'll! Knowledgebase: Primary Processing: General, KnowledgeBase: Primary Processing: General, KnowledgeBase: Primary:... It seems the only problem with that is that it is not listed in the of. Still burns well and is most suitable in cut stock ( small/short pieces ) t get stained of most medium. High shock resistance the Celtis genus be used to bring erosion under control thinking about getting few... Some locust, but that helps keep sparks and smoke at enjoyable minimums of species... If not the most bendable wood there is windbreakers, while the roots the. Wood so i guess it 'll find the firewood stack still burns well and is most suitable cut..., the hackberry include common hackberry, a Southern hardwood with yellowish-gray to light-brown wood, is...

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